Autism: FAQs

Autism Faq OTprinciple
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In this article, we will discuss some of the questions on autism that are frequently asked by parents of an autistic child, such as What is autism? What are the known causes? What are the treatment options available for a child diagnosed with autism? and many more.

1. What is autism?

Autism is considered a spectrum disorder because signs and symptoms vary from person to person. Autistic children express themselves differently from each other.

Autism is characterized by a child’s failure to develop language for communication or to build appropriate social connections. But they show more motor skills and skills than a mentally handicapped child. Autism is characterized by varying degrees of disability to develop the language for communication or to build appropriate social communication.

Some are obsessed with inanimate objects such as lamps, running water, or spinning objects, and in repetitive behavior. Symptoms range from mild to severe. Some of them gradually develop excessive talents such as mathematics and these are kept mostly for life.

A study of people with autism found abnormalities in several brain regions suggesting that it may be caused by impaired early developmental brain development.

There is a mild form of the disease known as Asperger’s Syndrome. Other developmental disorders that fall under the Autism Spectrum Disorders are Rett’s Syndrome, PDD-NOS ( Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified ), and  Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

If you found some of the symptoms in your child, don’t wait: talk to your doctor about getting your child tested for autism.

2. What does “On the spectrum” mean?

As we have already discussed, autism is a spectrum disorder because signs and symptoms vary from person to person. Although Autistic children display similar traits they are human and express themselves differently from others.

One child may not have developed speech and had difficulty learning to read and write, while another child could read and write and could attend a regular school. Some children may show allergies to the sound and others may not have any sound problems at all.

3. How common is autism?

According to a study by the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects one in 100 children and grows by 10-15% every year.

It is the most common growth disease in modern times. Boys are at greater risk than girls with Autism but it is clear that girls are showing the most severe form of the disorder as compared to boys.

4. How do I know if my child is Autistic?

No two children with autism have the same problems, each shows different symptoms. But there are certain signs and symptoms that are common and can be seen early in the developmental period. Autistic children often do not have eye contact during communication. People with autism also have difficulty communicating with other people or they can communicate in ways that others cannot easily understand.

They may not speak and even if they do speak it is just a whisper and is inconsistent. Autistic people also tend to repeat behaviors such as clapping their hands frequently or saying the same phrase over and over again. They can also be sensitive to visuals, sounds, and touches.

Criteria for  Autism diagnosis

A total of 6 or more of the following with 2 items are from [1], and each one from [2] and [3] is satisfied by the patient: To know more about Autism diagnosis Click here.

[1] Impairment in social interactions:

  • Significant impairment in facial expression
  • Failure to develop peer relationships
  • Lack of sharing their interests
  • Lack of social or emotional reciprocity

[2]  Impairment in Communication :

  • Mainly seen as not being able to start or end a conversation with others.

[3] A limited, repetitive, and stereotyped behavior pattern

  • Rigid engagement in preoccupation with one stereotyped and restricted pattern.

5. How did my child develop autism?

No one is currently able to find out the possible cause of autism. Recent studies have suggested that there may be a strong genetic basis for autism. Genetics is not the only culprit in all cases; there are other causes that have not yet been discovered. To know more about causes click here.

6. Does the vaccine cause autism?

Many studies have been conducted to determine whether there is a link between vaccination and the spread of autism, especially the mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and those that contain thimerosal.

These studies have not yet found a link between vaccines and autism. It is possible that, in some cases, vaccination could cause the onset of autism symptoms in a child with a medical or genetic condition.

Since this is a sensitive topic it is best to discuss it with your healthcare provider who will guide you and ensure the overall well-being of the child.

7. What help does my baby need if he or she has Autistic?

Don’t panic first understand and learn about Autism from the right source like your doctor or therapist. You will need a good team of doctors, therapists, psychologists, and teachers who understand and have knowledge of autism and who can respond to your child’s needs appropriately. Your healthcare provider can guide you through various interventions and suggest complementary therapies. It is also helpful to connect with an existing network of parents who are facing the same challenges as you.

8. How can I deal with a diagnosis of Autism?

It is difficult to accept a diagnosis that your child has Autism but there is always a brighter side to every adversity.

As we know that Autistic children have some special skills that ordinary children may not be able to process. For example, some of the children we have seen have an unusual ability to memorize things only after learning once, one of them was good at drawing and the other played a musical instrument. So don’t blame yourself or feel sad or hopeless. Take the necessary steps to understand the disease. If you are being cared for by your healthcare provider who will show you the nature of the disease and how to deal with it.

9. What treatments do I need for my child with Autism?

There are various treatments methods that can help some of them are –

  • Speech Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy (OT)
  • Sensory Integration Therapy
  • Physical Therapy (PT)
  • Special Education
  • Photo Communication Program

10. Can Autistic Children Be Independent?

Yes, Autistic Children can be independent with the right interventions, treatment, and care from the earliest stages once a child has been diagnosed with Autism. Continued effort is needed to achieve the desired result in treatment and therapy. As Autistic children, they have special abilities that if properly cared for can be a great help in making a person independent.

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